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Chicago Citation Guide

Notes

Chicago Notes & Bibliography uses two different types of notes: footnotes and endnotes.

Footnotes will appear at the bottom of a page. Small superscript numbers within the text will tell the user to look at the bottom and find the corresponding number.1

Endnotes will appear as a separate page at the end of the paper.

Notes are formatted similarly to bibliography entries, but authors are listed in normal order (First Name Last Name) and components are separated with commas (no periods). Publication information is placed in parentheses. You can include page numbers within a note to indicate where you found the information.

This example shows a book first formatted for a bibliography (in light blue) and then for a note (in dark blue):

Hischak, Thomas S. 100 Greatest American Plays. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Thomas S. Hischak, 100 Greatest American Plays (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017), 12–13.

Adding Notes

To add a note in Microsoft Word, click the References tab and then choose Insert Endnote or Insert Footnote.

References > Insert Footnote or Insert Endnote

You should use automatic notes, as opposed to trying to format them yourself, since the note systems will automatically update as you add new notes or new text.

Short Notes

If you are repeatedly citing information from one source, you can use a shortened note for subsequent references to avoid duplicating the entire note.

Thomas S. Hischak, 100 Greatest American Plays (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017), 12–13.

Hischak, 100, 124.